By federal and state law, school districts are required to identify children who are suspected of having a disability that adversely affects the child’s educational performance and then to provide a free and appropriate education (FAPE) for all children with disabilities. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA) requires states to establish procedures to ensure, "that to the maximum extent appropriate," students with disabilities are educated with children who are not disabled. Programs serving children with learning challenges as well as those with speech/language and other related services needs are available in all schools.
Related Services are support services needed to allow children with disabilities to benefit from special education and other services, as determined by the individual student’s needs.
These may include:
- Adapted Physical Education Services
- Aide Services
- Audiological Services
- Behavior Consultant
- Interpreter Services
- Occupational Therapy Services
- Orientation & Mobility Services
- Physical Therapy Services
- School Psychological Services
- Speech and Language Services
- Vision Specialist
- Work-Study/Transition Services
The law also requires public schools to provide services to preschool age students (ages three to five) with disabilities if they are at least three years of age and not age six, have a disability demonstrated by a documented deficit in one or more areas of development, which has an adverse effect upon normal development and functioning.
Services provided to school-aged students with disabilities ages five through twenty-one may include instruction in regular and/or special edication classrooms, school psychology services, speech-language therapy, occupational therapy, physical therapy, and work study/transition services.
for the Ohio Department of Education's "Guide to Parent Rights in Special Education."